Atom Bomb/Atomic Weapon:
Any explosive device that uses reactions of atomic nuclei to generate the destructive force. Typically refers to fission bombs, but can refer to fusion bombs as well.
A large missile that travels a long distance on a ballistic, or parabolic trajectory. Ballistic missiles can deliver one or more warheads, generally on a predetermined target.
Blast Over-pressure Wave:
The high pressure gasses that form a shock-wave that expands from the explosion created by a nuclear weapon. Blast over-pressure is responsible for a large amount of the damage caused by a nuclear weapon.
A nuclear bomb shelter designed to protect the occupants from the effects of a nuclear blast, as well as the prompt radiation effects and heat.
A munition designed to destroy underground or hardened structures.
A conventional explosive combined with radioactive payload. Dirty bombs typically capitalize on the dangerous contamination caused by dispersing its payload.
Duck and Cover:
A technique for minimizing exposure to personnel during a Nuclear Attack.
Electromagnetic Pulse. The pulse of high energy electromagnetic radio waves produced by a atomic weapons.
Radioactive dust that is pulled into a nuclear weapon’s fireball and irradiated. This dust continues to fall to earth after a nuclear explosion and represents a radiation hazard.
A nuclear bomb shelter designed to protect the occupants from the effects of nuclear fallout.
The large glowing ball of ionized gasses and plasma created by an atomic weapon.
High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse. The effect generated by the detonation of atomic weapons at high altitude and it’s subsequent pulse of high energy radio waves. This effect is known to destroy and damage electronic equipment as well as interrupt radio communications.
A nuclear bomb that uses the energy created by fusing hydrogen atoms for destructive force. Hydrogen bombs use small fission bombs as the nuclear trigger to start the fusion reaction.
Inter Continental Ballistic Missile. A ballistic missile specifically designed to travel long distance(3,400 miles or more) to targets on other continents.
A fission bomb where specifically timed and shaped high explosive charges are used to compact a Plutonium or Uranium core for the purposes of creating a nuclear explosion.
Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile. A ballistic Missile for use at long ranges less than continental distances. Typically 1,800 to 3,400 Miles.
A measure of explosive force when compared to TNT. 1 Kiloton represents the equivalent of 1,000 tons of TNT.
A measure of explosive force when compared to TNT. 1 Megaton represents the equivalent of 1,000,000 tons of TNT.
Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicles. Refers to the capability of some ICBMs to carry multiple warheads capable of engaging multiple targets after the warheads re-enter the atmosphere.
The large cloud of radioactive dust and smoke formed when a nuclear blast’s fireball cools after irradiating particles sucked into the fireball by vacuum pressure.
A low yield nuclear explosive that is engineered to have greater immediate release of neutron radiation at the time of detonation.
Nuclear Bomb/Nuclear Weapon:
Any explosive device that uses reactions of atomic nuclei to generate the destructive force. Generally refers to all nuclear explosives.
A nuclear reaction by which the nucleus of an atom is split into smaller atoms.
A nuclear reaction by which atoms are joined into larger atoms.
Generic term for all nuclear weapons. Eg “Nuke’em” or “China has nukes.”
A heavy metal with radioactive properties. Plutonium with the atomic weight of 239 is useful for the construction of nuclear weapons.
The immediate release of ionizing electromagnetic radiation created by a nuclear explosion. This radiation can be immediately harmful or fatal to living organisms. While hazardous or fatal, the prompt radiation is generally not as harmful as the blast and thermal effects from a nuclear weapon.
An area of significant to absolute radio signal obstruction created by radioactive particles after a nuclear explosion.
Another term for EMP.
The significant portion of a nuclear weapon’s energy that is released as thermal radiation or heat. Thermal effects can be responsible for structural fires and severe to fatal burns on victims.
A hydrogen bomb.
Trinitrotoluene. A conventional high-explosive compound.
A heavy metal with radioactive properties: Uranium with the atomic weight of of 235 is useful for the construction of nuclear weapons.
The explosive force of a nuclear bomb. Typically measured in tons, kilotons, or megatons TNT equivalent.